동북아 문화연구, Vol.58 (2019)
pp.29~43

후기구석기시대 시베리아와 흑해 북안의 여성형상물(비너스상) 비교고찰 - 말타유적과 코스텐키 1 유적 출토품을 중심으로 -

김재윤

(부산대학교 고고학과 강의전담교수)

The female figure called "Venus" is mainly excavated in Siberia and Europe since the late Paleolithic. The ruins of Malta in Siberia and the Kostenki I in the Don river basin of the Black Sea in Europe are well known and compared.This work is a data analysis to compare the data of Eurasia, Northeast China, Far East, and Korean Peninsula over the Neolithic and Bronze Ages. The well-known residence of the Venus statue in the Malta ruins of Siberia is a circular tent residential area.As a residential settlement, the tomb of a young child is known inside this residence. In Malta ruins, female figurines were excavated not only in this settlement but also in other settlements. On the other hand, the number 1 residence of the ruins of Kostenki I was much larger than that of the No. 2 residence in which the Venus statue was excavated. In both regions, there are differences in material, femininity, flaccidity, bodily expression, l ower body, wearing clothing, and damages.The Siberian Women's Prize was produced only in the mammoth ivory, with a large head and many eye-catching images.On the other hand, the Don river basin was made of mammoths and limestones, and the breasts, belly and pelvis were exaggerated and greatly expressed. In Siberia and the Black Sea North, female figurines starting to be excavated from the late Paleolithic period have the same idea of placing female figurines in the residential areas, but implies that the producers of both regions had different views on women.
  시베리아; 말타유적; 돈강; 코스텐키1; 여성형상물(비너스상); 후기구석기시대;Siberia; Malta site; Don river basin; Kostenki I; the late Paleolithic; female figurines

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