동북아 문화연구, Vol.58 (2019)
pp.45~68

러시아 북극 주민의 사회ㆍ경제적 변화에 대한 인식 : 사하공화국 주민의 설문 조사를 중심으로

최우익

(한국외국어대학교 러시아연구소)

This study focuses on exploring socio-economic changes caused by environmental changes and industrial development in the Arctic and on analyzing the new perceptions of Russian Arctic residents, especially those of the republic of Sakha. First, the socio-economic changes of Arctic residents are summarized using existing research results and various statistical data. Then, based on the results of surveys on the residents of the Republic of Sakha, we looked at how Arctic residents perceive their socio-economic environment. According to various statistical data and survey results, the socio-economic situation and perceptions of the residents of the Republic of Sakha are not good. The socio-economic situation has not improved compared to the 2000s, and the residents of the Republic of Sakha are of course perceived negatively. In particular, the 25-34 age group, men, local residents, and other ethnic minorities, including Evenki, are the main groups with negative perceptions. However, the residents of the Republic of Sakha are evaluating highly themselves for their personal life satisfaction, optimism level, happiness level, and material evaluation level. In order to raise the quality of life of Arctic residents, residents of the Sakha republic point out that it is necessary to expand various welfare and subsidies by the state along with regional economic development. It is also necessary to support various socio-economic infrastructure, roads, medical care, and education. In particular, in relation to everyday life, wage increases, employment, and price cuts are the means to improve the quality of life that Arctic people most desire.
  북극; 사하공화국; 사회·경제적 변화; 설문 조사; 러시아 지역;Arctic; Republic of Sakha; Socio-economic changes; Survey; Russia Region

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